‘Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi in Qalqilyia Governorate is under a constant threat

‘Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi in Qalqilyia Governorate is under a constant threat


The suffering of the Palestinian Bedouin communities in the occupied West Bank is ongoing as the Israeli occupation Authorities is moving steadily in its war against relocating these communities in all West bank areas with the aim to make room for its colonial expansions. On the 19th and 21st of July 2016,  the Israeli Civil Administration handed over Palestinian Bedouins in ‘Arab Ar Ramadeen Al Janubi southeast of Qalqilyia city halt-of-construction orders for their primitive homes and structures under the pretext of lacking building permits. Of the received orders, 10 families were targeted in the village including 2 others in Habla village.

As usual, the orders stated that the received demolition orders were built/installed in violation of the fourth chapter of the Israeli City, Village, and Building Planning Law no. 79 of 1966 which was amended after the 1967 war by the Israeli Occupation Authorities on the basis of Military order No. 418 to comply with Israel's interests and settlement plans in the occupied Palestinian territory. The Israeli Civil Administration gave Palestinian families of Arab Ar Ramadeen Al Janubi till the 4th of August 2016 to proceed with license procedures. However, they also pointed out that pursuing license procedures does not guarantee Palestinians a license by the Israeli civil administration as stipulated in the Order or stop possible demolition during that time. Table 1 gives detailed description of the halt-of-construction orders in ‘Arab Ar Ramadeen Al Janubi along with a copy of the received halt-of-construction orders:-

Table 1: Detailed description of the halt-of-construction orders that targeted Ar Ramadeen Al Janubi Bedouin community in Qalqilyia Governorate 
No M.O. No. Owner Name Area (sq²)  Property Description Status
1 201662 Abdullah Nayef Abed Abu Sho'or (July 19) 100 Under construction home Hal of construction order
2 201664 Muhamamd Nayef Sho'or (July 19) 100 Under construction home Hal of construction order
3 201659 Muhamamd Salameh Khalil Sho'or (July 19) 40 Room Hal of construction order
4 201663 Nayef Abdullah Sho'or (July 19) 300 Animal Farm Hal of construction order
5 201669 Omar Ali Omar Odeh (July 21) 100   Hal of construction order
6 201667 Ashraf Hasan Khalil Sho'or (July 21) 60 Room Hal of construction order
7 201666 Ahmad Mu'taz Sho'or (July 21) 100 Under construction home Hal of construction order
8 201665 Jameel Mo'taz Sho'or (July 21) 100 Under construction home Hal of construction order
9 201077 Ahmad Suleiman Sho'or (July 21)     Final Demolition Order
10 201668  Nabeel Hussein Ali Muwafi  (July 21) 60 plastic House – shading roof Hal of construction order
Source: Qalqilya Directorate 2016



Map 1: Threatened structures in ‘Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi


‘Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi

A Palestinian village in the Qalqiliya Governorate located  south of Qalqiliya City. It is bordered by ‘Arab Abu Farda village to the east and by Qalqilyia city to the south, west and north (ARIJ-GIS, 2016) (see map 1).  According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (population projection 2007-2016), the population of ‘Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi in the year 2015 is 270.

According to the Oslo II Interim Agreement signed on 28th September 1995, by the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and Israel, all the village lands of 'Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi were classified as area C and consisted of 438 Dunums. This classification means that Israel retains full and extensive control over security and administration related to the territory, and land management is prohibited without the prior consent or authorization of the Israeli Civil Administration.  

The construction of the Israeli Segregation wall and its effect on Arab Ar Ramadeen Al Janubi

The first map which was published by the so-called Israeli Ministry of Defense in April 2002 showed that the segregation wall would completely isolate the village of  'Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi and other neighboring Palestinian villages such as Arab Abu Farda, Wadi Ar Rasha and Ras Tira and Ad Dab’a in an enclave by surrounding them with the wall from the northern, southern and eastern sides, leaving only the western side open; however bordered by the 1949 Armistice Line (See Map 3). The map also showed another segregation zone created due to the construction of the wall (to the south) and  includes the villages of Habla and Ras Atiya, (See Map 2).  


Map 2: Comparison between the path of Israeli Segregation Wall plan in 2002 and 2012


Since 2002, there were several amendments to the path of the Segregation wall in the West Bank. In particular further changes were made on the route of the wall mainly on the 20th February 2005, 30th June 2006, and on the 30th of April 2007. 'Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi was not among those villages which saw amendments to the Wall route and the village still suffers until this day from the construction of the Segregation Wall on its territory as the village remained isolated from its surrounding villages, mainly , the center of life in Qalqiliya city (to the north-west).

Additionally, for the people in 'Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi to communicate with their surrounding Palestinian communities, the Israeli army installed a gate at the main entrance of the village, and on the Israeli bypass road No. 55. This iron gate was established after the completion of the Segregation Wall in the area, and only the villagers of 'Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi and 'Arab Abu Farda were allowed to enter and exit through the gate, which is the only space connecting the village to the city of Qalqilyia and the neighboring Palestinian villages from the eastern side and the Israeli soldiers control the movement of the Palestinians who are passing through this gate.

Israel claims that the goal behind the construction of the segregation Wall in the occupied Palestinian territories is for security reasons, however Israel is seeking to isolate Palestinian communities or even relocate others from their places where best suits its colonial ambitions. Israel is also taking advantage of the uninhabited spaces nearby to construct roads and expand settlements and even reserve land for future settlement activity in an effort to undermine the development of the Palestinian communities in the future. In our case, the settlement of Alfei Menashe is a typical example. While Israel is targeting Arab Ar Ramadeen Al Janubi and other communities nearby with demolition orders, it is exerting limitless efforts to expand the settlement of Alfei Menashe. Several plans were prepared and issued for expanding the settlement since its establishment. See Annex 1:-

Previous demolitions in Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi

  • In June 2008, the Israeli Civil Administration proceeded to submit a master plan that ordered the displacement of 'Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi residents. The plan suggested several alternative areas for the residents to relocate to. The residents were told they had to leave the village, and would be provided with basic services such as electricity and water in the new areas that were proposed. Residents rejected the plan, and since then, the Israeli army started to exert pressure on the community through controlling their movement and access to land.
  • On the 9th of July 2008 the Israeli Civil Administration (ICA) handed over halt-of-construction orders to eight Palestinian families in the village to stop the construction of these buildings under the pretext of illegal construction since the targeted buildings are located in Area C. The threatened homes and structure included two kitchens, one house, one residential room, and a grain store. They belonged to the following names: Younis Jabr Khalil and Maher Salim Al-Sha’or.
  • On June 25th 2009, the Israeli civil administration (ICA) ordered to deport the residents of 'Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi  from its place which is adjacent to the settlement of Alfei Menashe. The ICA wanted to relocate the villagers to an alternative site, outside the wal (east of the wall).
  • In June 2009, the Israeli civil administration handed over a number of military notifications to Palestinian farmers in 'Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi which targeted three agricultural barracks and one house, in addition to guesthouse building. These orders were given under the pretext of “illegal construction”. These buildings belonged to the following citizens: Kamel Salamah Sha’or, Younis Jabr Sha’or, Kasab Bajes Sha’or, and Maher Salim Sha’or.
  • In September 2010, the Israeli civil administration notified four Palestinian families living in 'Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi halt-of-construction orders  to their homes which are made ​​of wood and tin. The orders were given under the pretext that the buildings were constructed without permits in the area classified as “Area C”. The military orders targeted 3 agricultural barracks , a house and a stone often (Tabun) which belongs to  Kassab Bajes Shao’r and a sense of Maher Salim  Sha’or, and Adnan Lutfi Sha’or . 
  • In February 2012 the Israeli Civil Administration handed over 'Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi military orders to stop the construction work on a number of their residential and agricultural facilities under the pretext of unlicensed construction. The orders targeted two houses and three other facilities  which belongs to the Kassab Bajes Sha’or feeling Lutfi and Adnan Lutfi Sha’or.
  • In June 2012 Israeli bulldozers targeted 'Arab ar Ramadin al Janubi where they demolished a barn used for cattle which was owned by the citizen Fahmi Kassab Sha’or. The demolition came under the pretext of ‘unlicensed construction’.

Annex 1:-

Israeli Plans issued for building in Alfei Menashe settlement 
No. TPS Number Date of Approval Purpose
1 115/3 1985 Development of 'residence
2 115/1 1985 Determination of land use purposes
3 115/2 1985 Determining zoning
4 115/4 1987 24 units
5 א115/1 1989 2 residential zoning change
6 115/1/1 1989 Distribution of plots
7 115/6 1990 Determination of land use purposes
8 115/2/1 1990 Reparcellation
9 115/4/1 1991 Determination of land use purposes
10 ב115/3 1991 Development of Residential Neighborhood
11 115/4/2 1992 Determination of land use purposes
12 115/1/3 1993 Determining changes and provisions
13 115/7 1994 Area for small industry, craft and commerce
14 115/4/2/1 1995 Improving accessibility for land
15 115/8 1996 1406 Units (Alfei Menashe Main Map)
16 115/4/1/1 1997 Changing of buildings construction
17 115/8/1 1999 Providing additional powers for the purpose of design and construction
18 115/16 1999 Residential zoning change
19 115/13 1999 Residential zoning change
20 115/8/2 2000 Highway access – Givat Tal neighborhood
21 115/16/1 2001 Changing the designation of lands (from open paces to Roads)
22 115/13/1 2002 Changing maximum area
23 115/4/1/3 2002 Building Lines
24 115/4/3 2002 Conditions for constructions
25 115/16/3 2002 Ease in residential area
26 115/13/2 2003 Changing building lines
27 115/16/4 2003 Replanning
28 115/8/4 2005 Redistribution
29  2/ 3/ 115 2005 Changing designation of the area for public residential zone A
30 1/ 825 2006  
31 115/8/7 2007 Setting  Construction regulations
32 115/3/1 2007 Construction of  Sun shading  roof
33 115/12/2 2007 Increasing parking space, building shading
34 115/13/3 2007 Increasing parking space
35 115/16/5 2007 Setting up an internal road system
36 115/1/1/4 2008 Changing a building
37 115/12/3 2009 Change of main area
38 115/8/7/1 2009 3 units
39 115/8/10 2010  stadiums
40 115/8/9 2011 Changes in land use
41  5/ 3/ 115 2011 zoning from public institutions to Civic Center
42 115/8/11 2012 Park zoning change for public zoo
43 115/8/6 2012 Changes in land use
44 115/8/6/1 2013  
45 115/8/8 2013 Changing the designation of special residential integrated way
46 115/5 2013 Determining area for sports center
47 5/ 8/ 115 2013 NA
48 אמ/ 12/ 115 2013 NA
49 115/12/1 2014 28 Units
50 20/ 115 2014 zoning from agricultural area to residential area, roads and open spaces
51 115/17/1 2015 Business Park
52 115/21 2015 Private swimming pools
53 115/14 2016 24 Units



Prepared by:  
The Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem

Categories: Military Orders