The Geopolitical Status of Qalqiliya Governorate

The Geopolitical Status of Qalqiliya Governorate

Qalqiliya, 1970, 1997 & 2005

Following the Israeli Attack on Palestinian residential Territory in the 1948 war, in which Israel has exceeded its parameters as designated in the United Nations Security Council resolution 181, an agreement was signed later on, in 1949 to end the state of war between Israel and Arab countries nearby, of which, Jordan is a part of and hence it was known as the '1949 Armistice Agreement', to which the 1949 Armistice Line, better known as the 'Green Line' identify the marking line between areas under Israeli occupation and areas under Jordanian administration. The agreement states explicitly that the 1949 Armistice Line does not establish de jure (by law) recognized international boundaries. When the city of Qalqiliya came under the Israeli occupation in 1967, the Israeli Army issued a military order to wipe out Qalqiliya city and started a campaign to destroy it due to its proximity to Israeli controlled territory and thus, the Israeli Army destroyed more than 40% of the residential houses in 9 days. With the signing of the 1995 Oslo Accord between the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and Israeli, the West Bank territory came under 'A','B' & 'C' classification, to which, Qalqiliya city came under the Palestinian National Authority jurisdiction. In 2003, the Israeli Army started its so-called security fence, better known as the Segregation Wall in the occupied Palestinian territory and accordingly, encircled Qalqiliya city from all side, restricting its Palestinian residents' movement in and out of the city, threatening its overall sustainability.

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Prepared by
The Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem

Categories: Reports