A New EREZ at the segregated Mazmuria -Bethlehem governorate –

A New EREZ at the segregated Mazmuria -Bethlehem governorate –


Location and historical background

Mazmuria is a small village located on a hill to the south of Jerusalem. It lies next to Al-Nu'man village a few hundred meters north of Beit Sahour in Bethlehem governorate. The village has 200 inhabitants, representing about 20 families. The inhabitants of Mazmuria have titles testifying their ownership of the land from the time of their ancestors who have lived on the land for over 150 years. Mazmuria is named after the Roman ruins in the area.


Israeli officials argue that its Bedouin inhabitants belong to an established clan near the West Bank city of Bethlehem 2 miles away. They say that the 25 homes in the village where Palestinians live were erected illegally because they were built after 1967, when the land was unilaterally annexed to Jerusalem. Although the inhabitants have the West Bank identity cards, most of the village's land is considered a part of the (annexed) Jerusalem municipality.

Adjacent to Mazmuria lays Al Khas and Al Nu'man villages which the Israeli authorities refer to as Khirbet Mazmuria, after some Roman ruins located near the village. Despite the fact that the land of Al-Nu'man was annexed after the 1967 war by Israel, the villagers are considered  West Bank citizens and they need special permits to enter Jerusalem.

The Jerusalem municipality has prohibited any construction within the village of Mazmuria since the year 1992. From that day, no new houses could be built legally. The Israeli authorities handed the villagers military orders to prevent them from construction in the area as it was considered a nature reserve. So the villagers never received building permits.

Israel has also prohibited the villagers from benefiting from the Palestinian Authority services as they consider it to be part of Jerusalem. Much more, Israeli forces have uprooted telephone poles provided by the Palestinian Authority in 1998. Now the residents receive drinking water services from the Palestinian Authority through a thin blue pipeline from the neighboring village of Al-Khas.

The Israeli segregation Plans

A new Israeli military order issued on October 2003 shows that Israel is planning to construct a new trade passage between Israel and the southern part of the west Bank on Mazmuria  in addition to a new Israeli military camp. The site will be connected through Israeli  Za'tara bypass road which is currently under construction, this bypass road will serve also to connect the Israeli settlements located at the eastern side of Bethlehem governorate such as Teqoa to the settlement of Har Homa and Jerusalem. The plan shows that Za'tara bypass road will cross the Palestinian road that leads to the eastern rural areas from Bethlehem through an elevated bridge at the crossing point. A new border check point or a gate is expected to be constructed near the trade passage. Point gates are planned yet in the wall to connect it with nearby towns and villages. See Map of Mazmuria

According to the Israeli Military order, the village of Mazmuria will be totally cut off from the West Bank as the segregation wall will surround it and annex it to Israel. About 280 dunums of the village's land will be confiscated by the Israeli forces for building the segregation Wall, the trade passage, and Israeli Za'tara bypass road. The Israeli forces distributed military orders to the villagers declaring the confiscation of their land. The following table shows the number of the land owners whose land will be confiscated in both Mazmuria and Al Nu'man:   Table: Names of the owners



1.  Kokaly Family

2.  Al Hiwari (Bannoura Family)

3.  Salamah Al Dar'awi

4.  Al Hirezi

5.  Batarsah

6.  Khalil Salman Bannoura

7.  Sliman Abu Sita

8.  Mahmoud Al Hakash

9.  Musalam (Bannoura Family)

10. Ahmad Sliman Mustafah, 'Ali Mustafah

11. Khalil Elias Abu Farha

12. Farah Juha

13. Salama Al Dar'awi Son's

14. Nakhleh 'Abdalah Al Hiwari

15. Musalam Bannoura Family

16. Mohamad Al Sabi'

17. Daoud Salamah

18. Al Hiwari (Bannoura Family)

19  Abu Sitah

20. Salamah Al Dar'awi

21. Abu 'Ita & his Partners (Al Hireze)

22. Al Hiwari (Bannoura Family)

2.  Khalil Elias Ibrahim

24. Man'a Al Dar'awi

25  Elias Al Qartah Al Yatem

26. Al Hiwari (Bannoura Family)

27. Abu Sita Son's

28. Man'a Al Dar'awi

29. Elias Al Qartah Al Yatem

30. Al Sabi'

31. Sliman & Salamah Al Dar'awi

32. Salama

33. Jerees Musalam Bannoura

34. Wafa Rishmawi

35. Abu Sitah

36. Abu Sita

37. Abu Sitah

38. Rishmawi Family

39. Eliya Elias 'Awad

40. Dr.Tanas

41. Habas Abu 'Ita (Zakhariya Habas)

42. Toma Bannoura

43. Habas Abu 'Ita (Zakhariya Habas)

44. Muhamad Salman

45. Ahmad Abu Sitah

46. Butrus Al ' Abed

47. Ya'qob Al Yahodi

48. Ibrahim Khamis Hamdan Son's

49. Isaac Family (Hanna Ishaq Mansour)

50. Qumsieh

51. 'Abed Shahin

52. Abu Sitah

53. Khalil Ibrahim Musleh

54. Rishmawi Family

55. Jad Isaac

56.'Ali Salem Al Dar'awi Son's

57. Rasheed Shahin

58. Mohamad Ramadan Jubran , Ahmad Sliman

59. 'Issa 'Awad Al Khoury

60. Abu Farda Hamad Al Dar'awi

61. 'Issa Mansour ('George Khalil Mansour

62. Farah Gharib

63. Slama Al Dr'awi

64. Sliman Al Dar'awi

65. Khalil Shahin

66. Al Sus Family

67. Butrus Al 'Abed & his Brothers

68. Abu Sita

69. 'Issa Mansour ('Issa Isaac Mansour

70. Al Sus Family

71. 'Issa Mansour ('Issa Isaac Mansour

72. Salamah Al Dar'awi

73. Slama Al Dr'awi

74. Sliman

75. Jum'ah Shahin

76. Abu Sita

77. Sliman's Sons

78. Muhamad Salim Hamdan

79. Khalil Isaac (George Isaac Mansour)

80. Khader Hamdan Bargash

81. Sleman Al Dr'awi

82. Salah Hamdan

83. 'Ied Shahin

84. Musa Mahmoud Son's

85. Al Sab'i & Al Thiwieb

86. Sliman Al Dar'awi

87. Awqaf(Islamic)

88. Fareed Musleh & His Brothers

89.'Umr Abu Sita

90. Fareed Musleh & His Brothers

91. Mahmoud Al Atrash & His Brothers

92. Khalil Ibrahim Musleh

93. Khalil (george Mansour)

94. Khalil Ibrahim Musleh

95. 'Issa Mansur

96. Khalil Ibrahim Musleh

97. Qumsieh

98. Mohamad Salim Al thwiab

99. Khalil Ibrahim Misleh

100. Fareed Misleh

101.Hanna Isaac

102. Khalil Ibrahem Misleh

103. Al Khouri Rishmawi

104. Nakhleh 'Abdalah Al Hiwari

105. Khalil Ibrahim Musleh

106. Mohamad Al Sabi'

107. Mahmoud Al Atrash & His Brothers

108. Nakhleh 'Abdalah Al Hiwari

109. Al Hirezi

110. Abu Sita Son's

111. Al Hiwari Saba

112. Warshit Al Atrash

113. Qumsieh

114. Man'a

115. Bajis Al Himedi

116. (Al Hiwari ) Bannoura Family

117. Al Hiwari

118. Farah Juha

119. Muhamad Musa Salamah Hamad

120. Ibrahim Al Dar'awi

121. George Bannoura

122. Grave Yard

123. Al Hiwari

124. Al Hiwari (Bannoura Family)

125. Elias Abu Hashish

126. Nakhleh 'Abdalah Al Hiwari

127. George Bannoura

128. Al Hiwari (Bannoura Family)

129. Mohamad Ramadan Jubran , Ahmad Sliman



Impact of the segregation wall

Enclosing the village with a segregation Wall will  negatively affect  all aspects of life. Socially, it will impose hard restrictions on the movement of villagers into and out the village and will prevent the villagers from accessing to other towns and villages for shopping, work or other social activities. Most important, students will not be able to pass to their schools located in the neighboring cities such as Bethlehem, and Beit Sahour and  people will need special permits to access Mazmuria which are very difficult to obtain  because of the Israeli military inflexible requirements for issuing such permits.

By constructing the segregation wall, Mazmuria inhabitants as well as many agricultural land owners in the vicinity and currently live in Beit Sahour and Bethlehem will not be able to access to or out of the village to plant or harvest their fields. It became apparent that the situation resulting from this most recent  Israeli land grab and segregation of Palestinian lands will lead to many economic, social, and urban problems, resulting in an increase in the poverty rate and  an indirect transfer of the population. 

Much more, segregating Mazmuria will have a negative impact on the Palestinian tourism sector since Mazmuria has its unique touristy value, and tourists who intend to visit this historical site will be denied access from the city of Bethlehem.

The memorandum of Sharm el-Sheikh states that:

'Termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgment of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every state in the area and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats of acts of force.'

The International Committee of the Red Cross stated also that the right of freedom of movement to all people should be respected and people should be able to move freely from one place to another without delay or humiliation. Therefore, the Israeli confiscation of the Palestinian land in Mazmuria is against UN Resolutions related to the occupied Palestinian Territory, the international law, and the signed Oslo agreements.


Prepared by:
The Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem



Categories: Checkpoints